- 1 Introduction
- 2 Video lesson
- 3 Vocabulary
- 4 Cantonese adverbs with 得
- 5 Cantonese adverbs with 咁
- 6 The less common Cantonese adverb pattern with 哋
- 7 The difference between 得 and 咁
- 8 Common Cantonese adverbs
- 8.1 Cantonese adverb #1: 都 (“even”, inclusive)
- 8.2 Cantonese adverb #2: 橫掂 (seeing that you’re…)
- 8.3 Cantonese adverb #3: 凈係 (only)
- 8.4 Cantonese adverb #4: 得 (only…left)
- 8.5 Cantonese adverb #5: 本來 (originally)
- 8.6 Cantonese adverb #6: 曾經 (once upon a time)
- 8.7 Cantonese adverb #7: 初初 (in the beginning)
- 8.8 Cantonese adverb #8: 嗰陣時 (at that time)
- 8.9 Cantonese adverb #9: 不嬲 (always, with a stronger, sometimes sarcastic tone)
- 8.10 Cantonese adverb #10: 仲 (still)
- 8.11 Cantonese adverb #11: 仍然 (still)
- 8.12 Cantonese adverb #12: 暫時 (temporarily)
- 8.13 Cantonese adverb #13: 到時 (then)
- 8.14 Cantonese adverb #14: 平時 (usually)
- 8.15 Cantonese adverb #15: 成日 (always)
- 8.16 Cantonese adverb #16: 甚少 (very rarely)
- 8.17 Cantonese adverb #17: 每 (every)
- 8.18 Cantonese adverb #18: 特登 (deliberately)
- 8.19 Cantonese adverb #19: 前嗰排 (a while ago)
- 8.20 Cantonese adverb #20: 一X一X (one X at a time)
- 8.21 Cantonese adverb #21: 啦啦聲 (quickly)
- 8.22 Cantonese adverb #22: 一大啖 (jat1 daai6 daam6)
- 9 The many uses of 咁
- 9.1 Cantonese word 咁 #1: “like this”
- 9.2 Cantonese word 咁 #2: “so”
- 9.3 Cantonese word 咁 #3: 好似 + object + 咁 “to be like”
- 9.4 Cantonese word 咁 #4: 好似 + adjective + 咁 “seems to be”
- 9.5 Cantonese word 咁 #5: adjective + 成咁 “adj. + to this extent”
- 9.6 Cantonese word 咁 #6: 就咁 “simply like this”
- 9.7 Cantonese word 咁 #7: 亂咁 “verb + everywhere”
- 9.8 Cantonese word 咁 #8: 猛咁 “to keep on + verb”
- 9.9 Cantonese word 咁 #9: 咁滯 “seems to be on the verge of”
Hey guys, welcome back to lesson nine in the Cantonese grammar series at Cantolounge!
If you’ll remember, I mentioned before in this video on sentence decomposition (2:57 marker) that there are usually three classes of words I recommend learners pay the most attention to:
- Function words
While Cantonese adjectives and Cantonese adverbs are less important, there are a group of adverbs, for example, that we’re going to look at today, that are often used in daily life, and I feel that a good grasp of these and common patterns is still important to the learner.
As a quick precursor for those of us (actually me included, until I started Cantolounge!) who aren’t well versed with grammar jargon, adverbs are generally words that add a bit of information to verbs, hence “ad-verb”. They typically end in “ly”, like “slowly”, or “quickly”, “heavily”, but not all the times, like “well”, “often” and “always”.
And we’re going to have a look at the equivalents in Cantonese today.
Okay, let’s get started.
S/W/B = Spoken / Written / Both
|行路||haang4 lou6||to walk||S|
|食嘢||sik6 je5||to eat||S|
|做功課||zou6 gung1 fo3||to do homework||B|
|採訪||coi2 fong2||to interview||B|
|執行||zap1 hang4||to execute||B|
|分析||fan1 sik1||to analyze||B|
|講嘢||gong2 je5||to say something||S|
|訓覺||fan3 gaau3||to sleep||S|
|唔小心||m4 siu2 sam1||accidentally||S|
|㧬跌||ung2 dit3||to push over (sb.)||S|
|婆婆||po4 po2||an elderly lady||B|
|溫書||wan1 syu1||to revise||S|
|隔離||gaak3 lei4||next door||B|
|輕輕哋||heng6 heng1 dei2||lightly||S|
|閂門||saan1 mun4||to close the door||S|
|偷偷哋||tau1 tau1 dei2||sneakily||S|
|着衫||zeok3 saam1||to get dressed||S|
|趕||gon2||to be in a hurry||B|
|出門||ceot1 mun4||to head out||B|
|廣東話||gwong2 dung1 waa2||Cantonese||B|
|普通話||pou2 tung1 waa2||Mandarin||B|
|都||dou1||as well (inclusive)||B|
|橫掂||waang4 dim6||since you’re…||S|
|沙田||saa1 tin4||ShaTin (place name)||B|
|探||taam3||to visit (sb.)||B|
|得返||dak1 faan1||only left||S|
|豬扒||zyu1 paa2||pork chops||B|
|曾經||cang4 ging1||a long time ago||B|
|誤殺||m6 saat3||to kill someone by accident||B|
|執刀||zap1 dou1||to perform surgery||B|
|初初||co1 co1||in the beginning||B|
|拉小提琴||laai1 siu2 tai4 kam4||to play the violin||B|
|越…越…||jyut6…jyut6…||the more…the more…||B|
|嗰陣時||go2 zan6 si4||at that time||S|
|對方||deoi3 fong1||each other||B|
|魚蝦蟹||jyu4 haa1 hai5||fish, shrimp and crab||B|
|經歷||ging1 lik6||to experience||B|
|頑固不改||waan4 gu3 bat1 goi2||to be stubborn and set in one’s ways||B|
|啊頭||aa3 tau2||the boss||S|
|落order||lok6 o1 daa2||to issue an order||S|
|擱置一邊||gok3 zi3 jat1 bin1||to put something aside||B|
|搞掂||gaau2 dim6||to get something done||S|
|繼續||gai3 zuk6||to continue||B|
|到時||dou3 si4||then (at a future time)||B|
|機票||gei1 piu3||plane tickets||B|
|度||dou6||to design (a plan of some sort)||S|
|電聯||din6 lyun4||to contact by phone||S|
|做事||zou6 si6||to do things||B|
|錯漏百出||co3 lau6 baak3 ceot1||to be riddled with errors||B|
|開始||hoi1 ci2||to start||B|
|甚少||sam6 siu2||very rarely||B|
|出街||ceot1 gaai1||to go out||B|
|對||deoi3||to face (something literally)||B|
|粒聲都唔出||lap1 seng1 dou1 m4 ceot1||to not make a sound||S|
|基本上||gei1 bun2 soeng6||basically||B|
|出國||ceot1 gwok3||to go out of the country||B|
|去旅行||heoi3 leoi5 hang4||to travel||B|
|簡直||gaan2 zik6||pretty much||B|
|躝街||laan1 gaai1||to hang out on the streets||S|
|撞||zong6||to ram into (someone)||B|
|前嗰排||cin4 go2 paai2||a while back||S|
|赤柱||cek3 cyu5||Stanley (place name)||B|
|寫程式||se2 cing4 sik1||to write a program||B|
|一步一步||jat1 bou6 jat1 bou6||one step at a time||B|
|啦啦聲||laa4 laa2 seng1||quickly||S|
|遲到||ci4 dou3||to be late||B|
|一大啖||jat1 daai6 daam6||a big mouthful||S|
|四分之一||sei3 fan6 zi1 jat1||a quarter||B|
|求神拜佛||kau4 san4 baai3 fat6||to pray to the Gods||B|
|馬騮架||maa5 lau1 gaa2||monkey bars||S|
|嬲||lau1||to be angry||S|
|聽唔入耳||teng1 m4 jap6 ji5||to not listen to anything||S|
|參觀||caam1 gun1||to get a tour (someplace)||B|
|博物館||bok3 mat6 gun2||museum||B|
|亂跑||lyun6 paau2||to run amok||B|
|藝術品||ngai6 seot6 ban2||art pieces||B|
|叫救命||giu3 gau3 meng6||to call for help||B|
|好似||hou2 ci5||seems like||S|
Cantonese adverbs with 得
To be quite frank, adverb constructions in Cantonese aren’t complex. And since we’re on lesson nine, you’ll start to see that the line between “Cantonese grammar” and “Cantonese words” begins to blur. Can something really be called grammar if it has many variations, doesn’t fit into a definite pattern, and are just words?
This is why when people who have experience with Romance and Slavic languages, when they come over to Cantonese, they find the learning experience to be very different – suddenly, language learning feels very, very “barebones” without conjugations, declensions, honorifics – we pretty much just have words in Cantonese.
In any case, I’ll leave the rant for later.
We’ll be introducing three ways to form adverb constructions today (with a boatload of examples), and the first way to do so is with “得” (dak1).
The pattern that’s usually used to construct Cantonese adverb phrases:
Verb + 得 + adjective
This rule is further extended when the verb is a verb with the pattern “verb + object”, for example
- 行路 haang4 lou6 = 行 (to walk) + 路 (road)
- 食嘢 sik6 je5 = 食 (to eat) + 嘢 (thing)
- 做功課 zou6 gung1 fo3 = 做 (to do) + 功課 (homework)
Then people have a choice of either using the simpler pattern above, or the pattern below:
Verb-Object + Verb + 得 + adjective
Remember, this is only possible if the verb happens to be a verb-object type verb, for something where the characters of the word are all part of the verb, you can’t use this pattern!
Words that fall under this category:
- 採訪 coi2 fong2 (to interview)
- 執行 zap1 hang4 (to execute)
- 分析 fan1 sik1 (to analyze)
Let’s have a look at some sample sentences.
好快。ngo5 (haang4 lou6) haang4 dak1 hou2 faai3.
I walk very quickly.
好大聲。keoi5 (gong2 je5) gong2 dak1 hou2 daai6 seng1.
He speakes really loudly.
好冧。zek3 gau2 (fan3 gaau3) fan3 dak1 hou2 lam1.
The dog is sleeping very soundly.
Fairly straightforward, right?
Let’s move on to the second most common pattern.
Cantonese adverbs with 咁
The other most common way, which is usually contrasted with 得, to form Cantonese sentences, is with 咁 (gam2). However, the word order here is slightly different, so please pay attention to the pattern below:
adjective + 咁 + verb
So, it’s a mirror image of the pattern with 得 (the verb and adjective are swapped around).
While 得 itself doesn’t have a standalone meaning related to its function, I feel like it’s worth mentioning what the standalone meaning of 咁 is related – it means “like this”. If you know any of the following languages, perhaps they offer better representations of the word – ainsi, así, このように, 이렇게, which means that this pattern literally translate to
adjective + like this + verb
Or with an example
I slow like this eat. (I eat slowly.)
where the “like this” refers to “slow”.
Alright, let’s have a look at some examples, as usual.
食曬啲嘢。keoi5 hou2 faai3 gam2 sik6 saai3 di1 je5.
She quickly gobbled up everything.
㧬跌咗企喺前面嗰個婆婆。go3 naam4 jan2 m4 siu2 sam1 gam2 ung2 dit3 zo2 kei5 hai2 cin4 min6 go2 go3 po4 po2.
The man accidentally pushed over the elderly woman who was standing in front.
(Aren’t you glad we covered Cantonese relative clauses last time? Now we get much richer sentences.)
做曬功課溫曬書，跟住同隔離鄰居嘅朋友一齊玩。di1 siu2 pang4 jau5 hou2 faai3 gam2 zou6 saai3 gung1 fo3 wan1 saai3 syu1, gan1 zyu6 tung4 gaak3 lei4 leon4 geoi1 ge3 pang4 jau5 jat1 cai4 waan2.
The kids quickly finished their homework and did their revision, and then went on to play with their next door neighbour friends.
Those are the two main patterns.
The less common Cantonese adverb pattern with 哋
The good news is that if you master the first two patterns, you’re pretty much all set. Most of the times, that’s all you’ll need in Cantonese.
However, you’ll sometimes hear people using 哋 (dei2) as well, but not as often – it usually gives a sort of a more “refined” feeling to a sentence when it is used. It’s also used for duplicated adjectives, in this pattern:
adjective-adjective + 哋
and when that happens, there are certain pronunciation changes that often need to be memorized as part of the expression.
The good news is that there aren’t that many of these expressions, so my advice is to recognize them when they are used, but you don’t necessarily have to be able to use them.
Please note that unlike the previous two constructs, you can’t just substitute any adjective in the pattern – these need to be learnt by heart on a one by one basis – they’re fixed collocations that happen to fit a certain pattern.
Let’s look at a few sample sentences.
閂咗道門，跟住將個BB放喺搖籃入面。keoi5 heng6 heng1 dei2 saan1 zo2 dou6 mun4, gan1 zyu6 zoeng1 go3 bi4 bi1 fong3 hai2 jiu4 laam2 jap6 min6.
She gently closed the door, and then placed the baby in the cradle.
食咗啱啱擺喺檯面嗰條香腸。zek3 gau2 tau1 tau1 dei2 sik6 zo2 aam1 aam1 baai2 hai2 toi2 min2 go2 tiu4 hoeng1 coeng2.
The dog sneakily ate the sausage that we put on the table earlier.
Hopefully, that gives you a good feel to how adverbs in Cantonese work.
The difference between 得 and 咁
The question that students often ask when we discuss these two patterns is: “is there a difference between using 得 and 咁? If there is, what is it?”
As a matter of fact, in terms of function, there isn’t. Both of them allows us to express adverbs in Cantonese.
However, there are two differences I can think of that Cantonese grammar books or courses generally don’t mention:
1. Sometimes, it’s more natural to express things with one construct than the other. For example, contrast these two:
着完衫跟住趕出門。keoi5 hou2 faai3 gam2 zeok3 jyun4 saam1 gan1 zyu6 gon2 ceot1 mun4.
He quickly got dressed and hurried out.
好快。keoi5 zeok3 saam1 zeok3 dak1 hou2 faai3.
He quickly got dressed.
As a matter of fact, you’ll notice the huge chunk of “hurried out” missing in the second construct, because it sounds strange to actually follow it after the 得 construct.
Let’s look at another example.
訓覺。zek3 maau1 hou2 lam1 gam2 fan3 gaau3.
The cat slept soundly.
好冧。zek3 maau1 fan3 gaau3 fan3 dak1 hou2 lam1.
The cat slept soundly.
While both sentences are correct grammatically, the second one sounds much more natural to me than the first.
Why is this?
I can’t explain it – it simply does.
This is one of the things that make languages a fairly unique branch of knowledge – in almost any field, we’re accustomed to asking all the “wh” questions. But in language learning, we almost never ask “why” – because the question transforms into an etymological, and perhaps a philosophical one (think “why is a rose called a rose?”), and those are rarely easy, nor pertinent questions to answer.
2. The second difference, although this might just be one of opinion (and of mine to be specific), is that the point of emphasis is different between the two constructs.
Let’s go back to the first example, this time written with the two constructs:
好快。keoi5 haang4 lou6 haang4 dak1 hou2 faai3.
He walks very quickly.
行路。keoi5 hou2 faai3 gam2 haang4 lou6.
He quickly walks.
Can you spot the difference?
To me, the first sentence’s focal point shifts to the “好快” part, whereas the second sentence’s focal point is less obvious – it “行路” and “好快” feels equal to me, with neither outshining the other.
Hopefully that clears up a point of confusion between the two adverb patterns.
Common Cantonese adverbs
As I’ve said before, most of the magic of Cantonese adverbs lies in the three main constructs mentioned here. The rest of it lies in specific adverbs themselves that don’t fit into those patterns, so I thought we might do a bit of an adverb roadshow showcasing some common ones used in Cantonese.
Cantonese adverb #1: 都 (“even”, inclusive)
識講廣東話同埋普通話。so2 jau5 jan4 dou1 sik1 gong2 gwong2 dung1 waa2 tung4 maai4 pou2 tung1 waa2.
Everyone can speak Cantonese and Mandarin.
Cantonese adverb #2: 橫掂 (seeing that you’re…)
都要去沙田，不如去探埋嫲嫲啦。ngo5 dei6 waang4 dim6 dou1 jiu3 heoi3 saa1 tin4, bat1 jyu4 heoi3 taam3 maai4 maa4 maa4 laa1.
Seeing that we’re going to ShaTin anyway, let’s go and pay meemaw a visit.
Cantonese adverb #3: 凈係 (only)
得返牛扒，冇曬豬扒啦。ji4 gaa1 zing6 hai6 dak1 faan1 ngau4 paa2, mou5 saai3 zyu1 paa2 laa3.
There’s only steak left, there’s no more pork chops.
Cantonese adverb #4: 得 (only…left)
一個，有冇一個？dak1 jat1 go3, jau5 mou5 jat1 go3?
There’s only one (seat) left, any single passengers (want to get on)?
*Imagine a minibus driver shouting out to the passengers queuing up at the stop, and there’s only one seat left.
Cantonese adverb #5: 本來 (originally)
唔想去泰國嘅，但係啲friend不停咁哀我去，最終咪去咗囉。ngo5 bun2 loi4 m4 soeng2 heoi3 taai3 gwok3 ge3, daan6 hai6 di1 friend bat1 ting4 gam2 ngai1 ngo5 heoi3, zeoi3 zung1 mai6 heoi3 zo2 lo1.
I originally didn’t want to go to Thailand, but since my friends begged me to, I eventually went.
Cantonese adverb #6: 曾經 (once upon a time)
係做醫生嘅，但係自從一次手術中誤殺咗個病人之後就冇再執刀啦。keoi5 ji5 cin4 cang4 ging1 hai6 zou6 ji1 sang1 ge3, daan6 hai6 zi6 cung4 jat1 ci3 sau2 seot6 zung1 m6 saat3 zo2 go3 beng6 jan4 zi1 hau6 zau6 mou5 zoi3 zap1 dou1 laa3.
Once upon a time, he was a doctor, but since his mishap during a surgery leading to the death of a patient, he never practised again.
Cantonese adverb #7: 初初 (in the beginning)
好憎拉小提琴，但係越拉越有feel。ngo5 co1 co1 hou2 zang1 laai1 siu2 tai4 kam4, daan6 hai6 jyut6 laai1 jyut6 jau5 feel.
In the beginning, I hated playing the violin, but the more I played, the more it grew on me.
Cantonese adverb #8: 嗰陣時 (at that time)
唔識對方嘅。keoi5 dei6 go2 zan6 si6 m4 sik1 deoi3 fong1 ge3.
At that time, they didn’t know each other.
Cantonese adverb #9: 不嬲 (always, with a stronger, sometimes sarcastic tone)
都唔食嘅，只不過你唔知啫。jyu4 haa1 haai5 go2 di1 hoi2 sin1 keoi5 bat1 lau4 dou1 m4 sik6 ge3, zi2 bat1 gwo3 nei5 m4 zi1 zek1.
Seafood like fish, prawn and crab – he’s always avoided, it’s just that you didn’t know about it.
Cantonese adverb #10: 仲 (still)
有冇彈琴啊？nei5 zung6 jau5 mou5 taan4 kam4 aa3?
Do you still play the piano?
Cantonese adverb #11: 仍然 (still)
都係咁頑固不改嘅呢？dim2 gaai2 ging1 lik6 gwo3 gam3 do1 je5 ni5 jing4 jin4 dou1 hai6 gam3 waan4 gu3 bat1 goi3 ge3 ne1?
Why is it that even after having experienced so much you’re still so set in your old ways?
Cantonese adverb #12: 暫時 (temporarily)
aa3 tau2 lok6 o1 daa2, go3 po1 zek4 zaam6 si4 gok3 zi3 jat1 bin1, sin1 gaau2 dim6 maai4 li1 daan1 je5 zoi3 gai3 zuk6. 擱置一邊，先搞掂哩單嘢再繼續。
Orders from above, we’re going to set the project aside temporarily, let’s finish this and then continue.
Cantonese adverb #13: 到時 (then)
再電聯啊。maai5 saai3 gei1 piu3, dok6 hou2 hang4 cing4 zi1 hau6, dou3 si4 zoi3 din6 lyun4 aa1.
After buying all the plane tickets, and designing the itinerary, I’ll give you a call then.
Cantonese adverb #14: 平時 (usually)
做事都好謹慎𠺝，點解份report今日會錯漏百出嘅呢？keoi5 ping4 si4 zou6 si6 dou1 hou2 gan2 san6 gaak3, dim2 gaai2 fan6 report gam1 jat6 wui5 co3 lau6 baak3 ceot1 ge3 ne1?
He’s usually meticulous in his work, so why is this report riddled with errors today?
Cantonese adverb #15: 成日 (always)
話學學學，點解講咗三年都仲未見你開始學嘅呢？nei5 sing4 jat6 waa6 hok6 hok6 hok6, dim2 gaai2 gong2 zo2 saam1 nin4 dou1 zung6 mei6 gin3 nei5 hoi1 ci2 hok6 ge3 ne1?
You’re always saying “I’m going to learn, learn, learn”, then why is it that after three years of saying it, I’ve still not seen you start learning?
Cantonese adverb #16: 甚少 (very rarely)
出街，成日可以對住部電腦粒聲都唔出。keoi5 fan6 jan4 hou2 zaak6, sam6 siu2 ceot1 gaai1, sing4 jat6 ho2 ji5 deoi3 zyu6 bou6 din6 lou5 lap1 seng1 dou1 m4 ceot1.
He’s quite the otaku, he very rarely goes out, he can sit in front of the computer all day without making a sound.
Cantonese adverb #17: 每 (every)
keoi5 mui5 saam1 go3 jyut6 gei1 bun2 soeng6 dou1 wui5 ceot1 gwok3 heoi3 leoi5 hang4 jat1 ci3, gaan2 zik6 hai6 go3 ji6 gwok3 laan1 gaai1 zing1.
三個月基本上都會出國去旅行一次，簡直係個「異國躝街精」。He basically travels abroad once every three months, he’s pretty much what you’d call an “addict to hanging out in foreign places”.
Cantonese adverb #18: 特登 (deliberately)
keoi5 m4 hai6 dak6 dang1 zong6 nei5 ge3, syun3 laa1. 撞你嘅，算啦。
He didn’t deliberately run into you, just let it go.
Cantonese adverb #19: 前嗰排 (a while ago)
先至去完赤柱，唔想再去囉。keoi5 dei6 cin4 go2 paai2 sin1 zi3 heoi3 jyun4 cek3 cyu5, m4 soeng2 zoi3 heoi3 lo1.
We just went to Stanley a while ago, I don’t want to go again.
Cantonese adverb #20: 一X一X (one X at a time)
咁寫，唔可以急。se2 cing4 sik1 jiu3 jat1 bou6 jat1 bou6 gam2 se2, m4 ho2 ji5 gap1.
We should write programs one step at a time, we can’t hurry it.
Cantonese adverb #21: 啦啦聲 (quickly)
食曬啲嘢着好衫跟住出門啦，唔係又遲到啦。laa4 laa2 seng1 sik6 saai3 di1 je5 zoek3 hou2 saam1 gan1 zyu6 ceot1 mun4 laa3, m4 hai6 jau5 ci4 dou3 laa3.
Quickly finish off the rest of the food, get dressed and head out, or else you’re going to be late again.
Cantonese adverb #22: 一大啖 (jat1 daai6 daam6)
食咗四分之一碗飯。ngo5 jat1 daai6 daam6 sik6 zo2 sei3 fan6 zi1 jat1 wun2 faan6.
I gulped down a quarter of the bowl of rice in a big mouthful.
The many uses of 咁
咁, as previously mentioned, means “like this”. Its uses are varied and flexible, so I thought I might list some of them here that I feel you should be aware of. There’s quite a few, but here goes:
Cantonese word 咁 #1: “like this”
㗎嘞，你求神拜佛都唔會變㗎啦。di1 tin1 hei3 hai6 gam1 gaa3 lak3, nei5 kau4 san4 baai3 fat6 dou1 m4 wui5 bin3 gaa3 laa1.
The weather is like this, no matter how much you pray to the Gods it’s not going to change.
Cantonese word 咁 #2: “so”
你想去邊度啊？gam2 nei5 soeng2 heoi3 bin1 dou6 aa1?
So where do you want to go?
Cantonese word 咁 #3: 好似 + object + 咁 “to be like”
隻貓 從個馬騮架跳落嚟。keoi5 hou2 ci5 zek3 maau1 gam2 cung4 go3 maa5 lau1 gaa2 tiu3 lok6 lei4.
He jumped from the monkey bars like a cat.
Cantonese word 咁 #4: 好似 + adjective + 咁 “seems to be”
好嬲 ，我都唔知點解。keoi5 hou2 ci5 hou2 lau1 gam2, ngo5 dou1 m4 zi1 dim2 gaai2.
She seems to be pretty angry, I have no idea why.
Cantonese word 咁 #5: adjective + 成咁 “adj. + to this extent”
，講乜都聽唔入耳啦。keoi5 lau1 seng4 gam2, gong2 mat1 dou1 teng1 m4 jap6 ji5 laa1.
She’s this angry, nothing you say will get through (to her).
Cantonese word 咁 #6: 就咁 “simply like this”
企喺度就得㗎喇。nei5 zau6 gam2 kei5 hai2 dou6 zau6 dak1 gaa3 laak3.
Just stand over there like that (and it’ll be okay).
Cantonese word 咁 #7: 亂咁 “verb + everywhere”
跑，啲藝術品好珍貴㗎。caam1 gun1 bok3 mat6 gun2 go2 zan2 mai5 lyun2 gam3 paau2, di1 ngai6 seot6 ban2 hou2 zan1 gwai3 gaa3.
When visiting the museum, do NOT run around, the art pieces are very valuable.
Cantonese word 咁 #8: 猛咁 “to keep on + verb”
叫救命但係因為噪音太多，冇人聽到佢嘅叫聲。keoi5 hai2 dou6 maang5 gam3 giu3 gau3 meng6 daan6 hai6 jan1 wai6 cou3 jam1 tai3 dou1, mou5 jan4 teng1 dou2 keoi5 ge3 giu3 seng1.
He kept on yelling “help”, but because of the excessive background noise, nobody heard his yells.
Cantonese word 咁 #9: 咁滯 “seems to be on the verge of”
。keoi5 hou2 ci5 zau6 lei4 soeng2 au2 gam3 zai6.
It seems like he’s on the verge of puking.
Well that’s it for this time!
As you can see, we’re slowly ramping up the complexity of the sentences – at this point, save for the vocabulary and particles, you should be able to follow sentences that are much closer to native level sentences without too much trouble (in terms of structure) – there are still a couple of essential things we need to be aware of, but at this point, we’ve pretty much covered a lot of the absolute basics.
Isn’t it a relief we don’t have to deal with conjugations, declensions, honorifics and verb endings? You’ll soon find out exactly how much this accelerates the learning curve, and just exactly how much of a misconception “Cantonese is a difficult language” is.
Alright, as usual, questions (and comments) are very welcome as usual – I’m expecting more this time, but I hope you’ve enjoyed this as usual, and I’ll see you guys next time.